Traditionally, the Gond paintings were done on mud walls with colours extracted from natural materials like soil, charcoal, cow dung and leaves. The designs are based on the rituals and traditions practiced by the community. Nature is also a dominant theme as Gonds inhabited forests for centuries.
One of the largest and oldest tribes in India, the Gonds are well known for their vibrant artworks, through which they narrate intriguing stories. The flagbearer of Gond art and the figure behind the popularity that the art form enjoys today, Jangarh Singh Shyam is celebrated as the first Adivasi artist to gain widespread acclaim. Hailing from Patangarh, Madhya Pradesh, he propelled Gond art into international recognition and is credited with creating a new school of Indian contemporary art called the ‘Jangarh Kalam.’ One of the first Gond artists to use acrylic on paper and canvas, Jangarh’s incredible talent evoked great admiration and awe, his untimely passing leaving a gaping void in the world of Indian art.
Murals that Grew into an Artform
Jangarh Singh Shyam was born in 1962, into a Pardhan Gond family in the village of Patangarh in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh. Growing up in abject poverty, he was forced to quit school and try his hand at farming at a very young age. At the age of 16, he got married to Nankusia Bai from Sonpur village, who would later become his fellow artist. A few years later, still a teenager, Jangarh was “discovered” by acclaimed contemporary artist and his future mentor, Jagdish Swaminathan, while he was decorating the walls of huts in Patangarh with traditional motifs, which is a routine part of Gond culture. Impressed by the forms and colours in Jangarh’s art, Swaminathan took him to Bhopal to create murals in the Bharat Bhavan, a renowned multi-arts complex and museum. Thus, began a lifelong collaboration between the two.
History Of Gond Art
The history of the Gond people these are the people who are nearly 1400 years. However these dates are also no one is sure about. Paintings is a form of art that have always been quite popular in the tribe of people in India, especially the Gond tribe. These Gond people have a belief that if the images is good and the viewing is good than that gives a good impressions and a kind of good luck mark for there houses and on different kinds of things on which we decorate and therefore the floor of their houses with traditional tattoos and motifs. Among the Gond, it’s the foremost prominent among the Pardhan Gonds who are renowned for their artistic skills, be it painting or music. Gond paintings have also been employed by the Gond people as how to record their history.
Gond paintings will be described as ‘on line work’. This Art is mostly drawn on a dotted lines very carefully. Lines are made in such the way that it should convey a way of movement to still images. Dots and dashes are added to impart a greater sense of movement and increase the delicacy and uniqueness of detail. Another very striking facet is that the Gond paintings is use of bright vivid colours like white, red, blue and yellow.
The paints are usually derived naturally from objects like charcoal, coloured soil, plant sap, mud, flowers, leaves and even rubbish. That said, because of the scarcity of natural colours, Gond artists have begun to use poster colours and use canvas to enhance there art. Gond paintings bear a motivating likeness aboriginal art from Australia as both styles use dots to form the painting.
Today, many talented Gond artists’ works may be seen on canvases in art galleries internationally. one in all the distinctive elements is that the use of signature patterns that are accustomed infill the larger forms on the canvas. a specific sense of balance and symmetry are often observed within the pattern used, like spiral forms together with trees, leaves, animals and human figures. Painted in several bright colours, the position of motifs showcasing village life and also the blending of human figures with rituals and nature depict the Gond’s inherited skills and creativity.